ISPO (Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil) is Indonesia’s national sustainability certification scheme for palm oil. ISPO has been developed over the past 10 years to support Indonesia’s sustainable economic, social and environmental objectives.



ISPO is the largest palm oil certification scheme in the world.

It covers 5.45 million ha, an area larger than the Netherlands.

ISPO certified area covers more than one third of Indonesia’s total palm oil plantations — an area 10 times the size of Bali.

ISPO certified area is more than four times larger than the world’s largest soybean certification system.


ISPO covers nearly 800 plantation organisations, This includes smallholders, cooperatives and companies.

This is more grower organisations than any other palm oil certification scheme.

ISPO certified palm oil goes from Indonesia’s growers to some of the world’s largest companies in international markets.


ISPO certified farms now produce nearly 38 million tonnes of palm oil annually.

Indonesia is now producing more sustainable palm oil than it exports. This means Indonesian palm oil is a sustainable export industry.

Production from ISPO certified areas represents nearly 40 per cent of global palm oil production.


ISPO is backed by:




ISPO Objectives

ISPO has the personal support of Indonesia’s President Jokowi. In 2020 President Jokowi outlined three key objectives for ISPO.

LegalityGood Agricultural PracticesEnvironmental Management, Natural Resources and BiodiversityLabour Rights and ResponsibilitiesSocial Responsibility and Community Economic EmpowermentTransparencyContinuous Business Improvement
Legality of land tenurePlantation planningCompliance with all environmental laws and regulationsOccupational health and safetySocial responsibilityFFB sourcing informationSystem for monitoring and updating validity of documentation and licensing
Legality of all operationsPlantation management and applicationWaste managementEmployment administrationEmpowerment of local and indigenous groupsData transparencyMeasurable social responsibility and community economic empowerment programs
Prevention of point source emissionsWorker welfare improvementSupport for local businessesFair and transparent pricing
Waste utilisationProhibitions on child labour and discriminationOpen processes for non-confidential information and complaints
Management of hazardous materialsFacilitation of union formationCommitment to anti corruption
Fire management and preventionFacilitation of cooperative formationSupply chain traceability
Protected areas and HCV areas
GHG mitigation
Forest and peatland protection

Achieving UN Sustainable Development Goals

ISPO provides the framework for meeting and surpassing the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The UN SDGs are the core objectives designed and agreed by the global community, targeted at perhaps humanity’s most-important moral quest: the ending of poverty and associated suffering in our time.


ISPO and its related programs have cooperated with numerous international organizations, including:

ISPO vs Other Certification Schemes

ISPO is on par with other major certification schemes currently being used for palm oil. The scope of the scheme covers the same areas as other schemes, including forest and peatland protection and high conservation value.


ISPO is the world’s first sustainability standard to meaningfully include smallholders.

It provides a voluntary pathway for Indonesia’s 2.6 million smallholders to become certified according to a national standard that is robust and part of Indonesia’s broader approach to sustainable development.

The Government of Indonesia is providing financial support mechanisms for smallholders to become ISPO certified.